Summer is a time for fun under the sun, but failing to prepare for the weather accordingly can result in a number of health issues. Everything from heat stroke to sunburn is a concern when the weather gets warmer, meaning it’s best to take precautionary measures whenever possible. Let’s take a look at some of the signs of these health issues and what you can do in the event that you begin to experience one.
Heat strokes occur when the body is simply overheating, and it typically occurs due to prolong exposure to high temperatures (“Heatstroke,” 2018). Some of the signs are high temperature (about 104 degrees Fahrenheit), altered mental state, confusion, nausea, vomiting and flushed skin. Medical attention should be sought immediately in the event of a heat stroke.
A sunburn is caused by overexposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. It can range from mild to severe, depending on the situation (Kraft, 2018). The typical symptoms of a sunburn are redness and tenderness in the affected area. Over-the-counter pain relief medicines can be taken to relieve aches associated with sunburns. If you begin to experience fever or chills, do not hesitate to seek medical attention for your specific condition.
Heat cramps can occur during exercise or prolonged movement in a hot environment, or they may begin a few hours later (“Heat Cramps,” 2018). They usually involve muscles that are fatigued by heavy work, such as the thighs and shoulders. In the event that you’re suffering from a heat cramp, hydrate immediately. If your pain does not diminish, seek medical attention. A doctor may want to provide you with IV fluid for rehydration purposes.
A heat rash can occur when blocked pores (sweat ducts) trap perspiration under the skin. Symptoms can range from blisters to red lumps. Depending on the severity and type of heat rash, it may feel prickly or intensely itchy. The easiest way to get rid of a heat rash is to cool the skin and avoid further exposure to heat. Medical attention should be sought if there is increased pain, swelling, redness or warmth around the affected area.
“Heatstroke.” Mayo Clinic. Retrieved June 25, 2018, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heat-stroke/symptoms-causes/syc-20353581
“Heat Cramps.” WebMD. Retrieved June 25, 2018, from https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/heat-cramps#1-5.
“Heat rash.” Mayo Clinic. Retrieved June 25, 2018, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heat-rash/symptoms-causes/syc-20373276
Kraft, Sy. “Sunburn: Treatments, home remedies, and prevention.” Medical News Today. Retrieved June 25, 2018, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/176441.php.